The exposition is followed by the first episode in mm. Subscribe to our mailing list and get FREE music resources to your email inbox. Countersubject is some sort of extension of this subject. This prelude is dance-like instrumental type of piece. An analysis of J.S Bach's Prelude and Fugue No.1 in C major, BWV 846, from the Well Tempered Clavier Book 1. Finally, Section 1.4 will establish the questions that the remaining chapters will address. It is a little bit similar to Sicilian because of its meter, and graceful character. In m. 14 the pedal point starts with a long trill on the b flat (V4/2). The 2 subjects are then combined at a later point in the piece. 9-18. Stretto literally means “drawn together”. lettersquash says: November 28, 2020 at 8:31 am. Keyscapes for J.S. You will sometimes come across Double Fugues. Whereas the prelude is practically all in major, the fugue keeps moving towards autumnal minor keys. We are going to look at the basic structure of a fugue through a worked example. It consists from sixteenth notes which also (except one minor third leap) move stepwise. The Subject is remarkable for its elaborate character and in length it exceeds any of the other Fugues in this series. Fugue 10 (1:03 min) Fugue 22 (3:30 min) Fugue 11 (1:12 min) Fugue 23 (3:28 min) Fugue 12 (5:21 min) Fugue 24 (8:15 min) Comment: Fugues 8, 12, 14, 18, 20 and 24 are probably too long for a project. 1 in C major, BWV 846 Prelude & Fugue No. A general Introduction covers topics like the origins of the WTC, the "well-tempered" scale, the clavier at Bach's time, the history of the prelude, and the background of fugue composition. on Twitter The Fugue shows Bach mastery of the contrapuntal writing. The Soprano voice has an embellished scale which reaches again the high g”. 18-31. The other connection between Prelude and Fugue is the meter. The Second half goes into a climax. When all the voices have entered this signals the end of the Exposition. Can you see/hear the key changes? J. S. Bach Fugue 16 Answers. Although m. 16 is still intense because of the seventh chords and the secondary dominant, tension is starting to resolve. So, the voice/part which has just played the Subject will go on to play the Countersubject whilst the next voice is playing the answer. Fugue #1 J. S. Bach, The Well-Tempered Clavier, volume 1 55-56. Music - University of … 57, 1952). It may be divided into four short sections, (1) at Bar 2, (2) at Bar 3, (3) at Bar 4, and (4) at Bar 6. A Countersubject often appears in the Exposition (and also later in the fugue). keyboard j-s-bach trills ornaments. How should this trill be played? The fugue is in four voices entering in alt (A), Soprano (S), tenor (T) and bass (B). ! In m. 54, in the Bass voice, the scale starting from G is going up. IN COLLECTIONS. D (g minor) one sixteenth note added to the subject, C (Tonic) This subject is altered (embellished), Beginning pitch of the subject (beginning pitch of the following entry). He is a music teacher, examiner, composer and pianist with over twenty years experience in music education. The Fugue starts with an exposition mm. ( Log Out / After the exposition Bach presents numerous stretti without any interruption. I’d love to read more analysis from you, this level of detailed walkthrough of the masters are a rare treat. This scale goes up without a break for three octaves (it is doubled by thirds in mm. TORRENT download. Bach – Prelude and double fugue no. The overall effect is graceful and esthetically pleasing. At the same time both the Prelude and the Fugue are dance-like and have similar characters. Reply. The subject is played by the 1st voice in the tonic key. 1. A second subject is then introduced and also answered. Analysis of Bach's Fugue BWV 847 in C minor (WTC I) José Rodríguez Alvira ©2011 José Rodríguez Alvira. After you are confident that you have completed the analysis, compare your answers to mine (for your own benefit, do not look at these links until you have completed your own). An interesting feature of this episode is that it has the countersubject in the Bass. Overall, the Fugue has three Strettos (for details of the Strettos refer to the Appendix 2). Richard Atkinson analyzes the amazing counterpoint of the D major fugue from The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II, by J. S. Bach. In my coda I have used stretto to continue to increase the drama as the fugue ends: Hopefully this worked example will help you understand the basic meaning of what a fugue is and how it is composed. Analysis of Fugue 2, WTC 1, BWV 847 Exposition (8) subject m. 1 i (2) answer (tonal) m. 3 v (2) - counter subject (CS) episode m. 5 (2) - 1st 6 notes of CS inverted subject m. 7 i (2) - CS (two components) Middle (13) episode m. 9 (2) - 1st 5 notes of S, 16ths from CS ME1 m. 11 III (2) - CS X 2 episode m. 13 (2) - 8ths and inv. This thesis is intended as a music-theoretical account of stretto in the forty-eight fugues of the . Search • Write to us. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Have a look/listen to my fugue exposition: The Subject is repeated in the entry of the 3rd voice (usually in the tonic, but at a different octave) and is “answered” by the 4th voice (if there is one), again in the dominant key. 1-8 and mm. M. 36, is the halfway of the piece. Here is the 1st episode of my fugue example which comes directly after the exposition: After the Episode in a fugue there is usually another entry (or entries) of the Subject. 3 from Book I of Johann Sebastian Bach 's Well-Tempered Clavier , composed in 1722. Click on the link below each diagram to access an interactive version of these analysis, with scores. Although the harmony is less dense, the tension is still growing. A countersubject acts like an accompaniment to the Subject and Answer. Here is the subject I have written for my worked example of a fugue: This whole section of music is called The Exposition. WTC I: 1. Usually a composer chooses to describe or define a fugue they have composed according to the number of parts it is written for. The next subject entry is in the Alto voice in the Dominant, while the countersubject is featured in the Soprano. The tension is finally resolved in the last two measures by the final cadence in F major. The subject appears five times in all voices except the Bass (although the Bass has an attempt to make the subject in m. 35). The intervals of the tritone are very prominent (this is another connection with the Prelude). recent scholarship is incorporated in Section 1.3, including discussion of corpus analysis. Read More. Section 30.8 Fugue Analysis. In the context of a fugue it describes a situation where each voice enters before the previous voice has finished its subject. 4 in C sharp minor, BWV 849 Here is my analysis (color-coded and all! Music21 is used to generate these visualisations. Analysis – Unpacking the B minor Fugue from WTC 1 Stephen Hung | September 2018 Last year I asserted that by one measure of statistical count, the second book of Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier (WTC) is more chromatic than his first book. The subject introduces all pitches of the F major scale. Thank you for subscribing. ( Log Out / The first Stretto starts in mm. Please check your email inbox for a confirmation email to access the FREE resources.. we respect your privacy and will never share your email address with 3rd parties, 2 subjects appear together at the start of the piece. This piece is 18 measures long and according to tonal areas can be divided into two parts: mm. The Alto has the first countersubject at the same time. This section is written in D minor which is concluded with the first cadence in mm. For building up the climax Bach uses the Strettos, dissonant chords on the strong beats (diminished). The first part of the Prelude can be divided into a few sections. However, it is very important that you listen to some famous examples of fugues. However, it does not have an iambic feeling. These annotations are based on several musicological sources as well as on our own analysis. These can be seen in 2 forms: Example of a double fugue – J.S. (The presence of accidentals give a big clue when spotting key changes). In mm. Real Answers! This Fugue has a “real” Answer, and would be styled as a “real” Fugue. In mm. SHOW ALL. ⇒ 9 more: Fugue No.1 in C major, BWV 846 • Prelude No.2 in C minor, BWV 847 • Fugue No.2 in C minor, BWV 847 • Prelude No.5 in D major, BWV 850 • Fugue No.5 in D major, BWV 850 • Prelude No.6 in D minor, BWV 851 • Fugue No.6 in D minor, BWV 851 • Prelude No.21 in B-flat major, BWV 866 • Fugue No.21 in B-flat major, BWV 866 This Fugue is architectural. But at least he doesn’t have a big nose. Immediately, after this cadence, begins the third Stretto. The subject ended on ^3, so the answer will end on ^7, allowing for an easy return to the tonic. WTC I/4 Prelude and Fugue in C-sharp minor: I/5 Prelude and Fugue in D major: I/6 Prelude and Fugue in D minor: I/7 Prelude and Fugue in E-flat major: I/8 Prelude and Fugue in E-flat minor/D-sharp minor: I/9 Prelude and Fugue in E major: I/10 Prelude and Fugue in E minor: I/11 Prelude and Fugue in F major Bach masterfully resolves tension in the closing measures. It resembles Passepied which usually is a faster version of the minuet. Fugue 2 is off-limits. Assignment 1 Analysis of Bach Prelude in C major (WTC 1-1) Due: Tuesday, 1/22. The pedal point starts in the Bass on the Dominant of the D minor. You can see from my fugue example that the answer (orange notes) has been changed and so it is a tonal answer. A fugue is a contrapuntal composition for a number of separate parts or voices. A subject is introduced at the start of the piece and answered in the usual way. Proportionally, m. 9 is a halfway of the Prelude. The subject is played by the 1st voice in the tonic key. Each of these fugues were proceeded by a prelude in the same key. Both times the pitch is A, pitch interval an octave and time interval three quarters. 1-2 establishes the Tonic key. ): Measures 1-6 (p. 122) Measures 7-25 (p. 123) Measures 26-34 (p. 124) Commentary on Fugue 16 Analysis Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier, Books 1 & 2 Click on an image to view a larger version which also includes a color-to-key mapping legend. 26 between the Bass and the Alto. 1910] ... download 1 file . intelligent analysis of a fugue. From this point onwards, the music starts to go into the climax. The second subject joins during the last measure of the first subject. 3 in C sharp major, BWV 848 Prelude & Fugue No. Arguably the most famous composer of fugues is Johann Sebastian Bach. ( Log Out / A fugue is a contrapuntal composition whose form features sections called expositions and episodes. The total number of the subjects is 14. In the second bar of the J.S. Bach, WTC I, Fugue in E minor. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. This idyllic pastoral image corresponds well with this piece. The Coda in a fugue is a final section of music that often includes stretto. Trill in Bach fugue WTC 1 BWV 851. In m. 15, the upper voice reaches the highest point c”’ which can be considered as the climactic point. Moreover, this Prelude and Fugue complements each other very well. 7-8 there is an attempt to make a cadence in D minor. Viewed 1k times 12. Analysis of J.S. Ask Question Asked 6 years, 8 months ago. A fugue starts with the 1st voice/part playing a melody/phrase called the Subject. There are prominent dissonances created by the diminished seventh chords. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The subject appears again in m. 18, in the Soprano, in the Tonic key. The subject of this Fugue consists of eighth and sixteenth notes, which with an exception of the leap of the minor sixth move stepwise up and down. Mm. on Facebook This section is followed by the third Episode which brings back the Tonic key. Establishment of D minor key in m. 8 marks the end of the first half of the Prelude. Strettos, strong dissonances, minor keys, upward scales help to create the climax. We will now turn to analysis of fugue. Both times the starting pitch is D, pitch interval is an octave and time interval is three quarters. Johann Sebastian Bach: WTC 1 . In m. 10, the subject enters in the Bass in the Tonic key, while countersubject is in the Soprano. download 18 Files download 11 Original. For more information, and discussion on this method and its results, please see the fugues main page and the bibliographical references. In entirety the fugue has a total of 3 subjects. Bach's forty-eight fugues (Das wohltemperirte clavier) by Prout, Ebenezer, 1835-1909; Prout, Louis Beethoven. This fugue in C major, the first fugue from the first book of Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier, presents several interesting aspects: The voices appear in the exposition in the unusual order of subject - answer - answer - subject. The answer begins a perfect Þfth higher than the subject. This Fugue also shows Bach’s talent to combine the instrumental dance style with the contrapuntal writing. 13-17. This alternating of Subject entries and Episodes can continue in a fugue for as long as the composer wants. As it was mentioned before, this Fugue is instrumental dance-like piece. The summery prelude is followed by a fugue that appears to evoke precisely this sort of association. Texture of two voices is consistent throughout the piece (except for one measure). In the manner of Cyrano de Bergerac, however, he needs a little assistance. A fugue starts with the 1st voice/part playing a melody/phrase called the Subject. Published by teoria.com. 18 in G sharp minor BMV 887 (WTC II), Share this post: The episode is in the Dominant key. It consists of three elements: arpeggiated sixteenths, arpeggiated eights and long trills. The four-volume work consists of various elements. It is interesting that Bach forms only one complete cadence in the entire Prelude. I have decided to use stretto after my 2nd episode to increase the tension as we move towards the end of my fugue: Can you see how each voices enters before the previous voice has finished playing its subject? e.g. I have included this in my fugue example, but in the dominant key: These new entries of the subject are followed by another Episode (second episode in Green below). The 2nd voice plays the “answer” in dominant key (a 5th higher or a 4th lower) – this transposed line in the 2nd voice is called the answer. Basic color mappings are: C = green, G = light blue, D = dark blue, A = violet, E = red, B = orange, and F = yellow. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The Fugue is also dance-like. Passepied in the dance suites usually appeared in pairs (da capo). Two tritons are formed in the two upper voices e’-b’ flat and e’ flat-a’. An episode is a connecting passage of music in a fugue and is usually made up of a development of the music that has already been heard in the Exposition. This is a sign of returning to a Tonic (F major) key. If it is an exact transposition of the subject then it is called a “real answer”. This brings added variety to the entries of the Subject later on in the fugue. In m. 35 in the Bass there is an attempt to make the subject. A (d minor parallel key) The halfway of the fugue. This post is for a friend of mine, who is trying to perfect the art of wooing women using his music theory and analysis skills. This dataset gives a reference analysis for the 24 fugues of the first book of Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier (WTC I, BWV 846-893) and the 12 first fugues from Shostakovich 24 Preludes and Fugues (op. In m. 12, the long trill starts in the right hand. The outer ones (A and B) are on the tonic, while the inner ones (S, T) are on the dominant. Summary Description Johann Sebastian Bach - WTC Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue in C-sharp major, BWV 848.ogg English: Prelude and Fugue No. Subject Answer. This overlapping adds thick texture and dimensions to the the piece. The next subject entry is significant because it introduces the first Stretto. Let us set out definitions first. Usually, while one voice has arpeggios in sixteenths, the other voice has arpeggios in eighths or trills. The graph attempts to show the processes determining this prelude.1 WTC I/1 in C major – Fugue The subject of this fugue is one and a half measures long. Therefore this set of two pieces is very united. Sample Title/Composer Performer Time Stream; The Well-Tempered Clavier (24), collection of preludes & fugues, Book I, BWV 846-869 (BC L80-103) 1 Bach d-minor Fugue in WTC 1 (BWV 851), we have. BAIN MUSC 729 Contrapuntal Techniques: J.S. This creates the impression of a very long upbeat, in which the tension toward In the Exposition the subject 1st appears in the tonic key. Bach – Well-Tempered Clavier In m.13, the third voice is added to help to build up tension. The Bass overlaps with the Alto, and the Alto with the Soprano. Also all the pitches of the fugue subject (although not in the same order) can be found in the first two measures of the Prelude. “a fugue in 4 parts”, “a fugue in 3 voices”. In this case, Bach paired this Prelude with the Fugue (they both exhibit dance features), but without da capo. Change ), Information, Analysis, Tips, Techniques, and Strategies for Learning the Music of World's Greatest Composer, A Guide to Learning the Music of Johann Sebastian Bach, Prelude and Fugue in C Major, BWV 846 from WTC I, Prelude and Fugue in D Minor, BWV 851 from WTC I, Prelude and Fugue in E Major, BWV 854 from WTC I, Prelude and Fugue in F Major, BWV 856 from WTC I, F (tonal answer, in the Dominant key; the first interval is changed), C (Tonic) beginning of the contra exposition. Active 4 years, 4 months ago. The upper voice reaches the g#” and a”. A fugue exposition is a section that contains at least one full statement of the subject of the fugue. Although it is written in 12/8 meter, it is not a gigue because its character is different from the gigue. This Stretto is written in three voices, with two-voice overlap. 1-13. The fugue dataset. Like Liked by 1 person. In m. 9, which is the halfway of the piece, the climax starts to build up. Fugue begins right after the Prelude. This fugue, as the Passepied starts with the upbeat, and its subject is roughly four measures long (also typical for Passepied). There are a total number of 14 entries (for list of a detailed analysis of subject and countersubject entries refer to Appendix 1). It also exhibits his sense of proportions. The pitch interval is an octave, time interval three quarters, beginning pitch is C. This Stretto is followed by the second Episode, which modulates in to D minor (parallel minor). 45-46. This Prelude shows his ability to write in the perpetual motion. Background: In 1722, Johann Sebastian Bach published a book of 24 fugues in each of the 12 major and minor keys. Thus, the exposition ends on the tonic-chord, but in a very weak form in the second position without the tonic (beginning of m.7). In m. 65, the last subject appears in the Soprano key. However, if it is altered to fit the new key then it is a ”tonal answer”. This overlapping technique is used by composers to increase the emotional tension of the piece. The first subject comes in the Alto voice, the tonal answer follows in the m. 5 in the Soprano in the Dominant key. 26 between the Bass and the Alto. Analyze the Prelude and Fugue from Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier. Have a look/listen to my 2nd episode below. Appendix 1: Subject and Countersubject Entries. The odd numbered fugues are in major. The pitch interval is an octave, time interval three quarters, beginning pitch is C. This Stretto is followed by the second Episode, which modulates in to D minor (parallel minor). Each of the two volumes of the Well-tempered Clavier contains one prelude and one fugue in every major and minor key. There is an evident relationship between this Prelude and Fugue. Publication date [pref. Real Answers! 11-12 help to modulate to G minor key which is closely related key to both F major and D minor. Measures 9 and 10 are a little break before the third subject enters at measure 11 until measure 15. The second Stretto is a three voice Stretto with two-voice overlap. Here is the subject I have written for my worked example of a fugue: This whole section of music is called The Exposition. The first half of the Fugue has strong sense of the Tonic and Dominant keys and after that it modulates into D minor. Have a look/listen to this excellent video which shows the Art of Fugue by Bach: There are various other forms of fugues that you may come across. Sequences in mm. Its primary aim is to move the piece to an appropriate conclusion. Overall, the Fugue has three Strettos (for details of the Strettos refer to the Appendix 2). This piece is written in F major, which was often used for a pastoral scene. 3-4 have sequences where tension goes up and down because of the secondary dominant chords and resolutions. He uses seven in the first half and seven in the second half of the piece. The Well-Tempered Clavier, BWV 846–893, is a collection of two sets of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys, composed for solo keyboard by Johann Sebastian Bach.In Bach's time Clavier was a generic name indicating a variety of keyboard instruments, most typically a harpsichord or clavichord – but not excluding an organ.. on Google+, Ben Dunnett LRSM is the founder of Music Theory Academy. The next section can be treated as a contra exposition in mm. Video lessons, worksheets and EXCLUSIVE CONTENT. Well Tempered Clavier Book I: Fugue D major The D major fugue is a very interesting piece, as there are some parallels to (the first part of) a French overture, with its ornamental lines and dotted notes (almost in the style of Jean Babtiste Lully; see also JS Bach’s Orchestral Suite Nr 2 in B minor, the gigues of the 1.French Suite and the 6. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 2 in C minor, BWV 847 Prelude & Fugue No. The Soprano overlaps with the Alto, and Alto with the Bass. The piece is more solemn and feels like a wistful late summer. G ” two tritons are formed in the Dominant of the Prelude ) context of fugue... Countersubject in the Soprano of extension of this subject pitch interval an and. Joins during the last measure of the subject enters at measure 11 until measure 15 account of Stretto in Bass., fugue in WTC 1 ( BWV 851 ), You are commenting using your Facebook.! Well-Tempered Clavier contains one Prelude and the bibliographical references to resolve acts like accompaniment. Introduces the first cadence in F major ) key is introduced at the start of the Strettos dissonant. 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( D minor which is the halfway of the wtc fugue 1 analysis Clavier, composed in 1722 of parts. The intervals of the F major scale into wtc fugue 1 analysis minor key in m.,. Log in: You are commenting using your Twitter account is formed in fugue. In eighths or trills 2 forms: example of a double fugue – J.S long and according to tonal can! The previous voice has arpeggios in sixteenths, arpeggiated eights and long trills, Book II, by S.... A perfect Þfth higher than the subject 848 Prelude & fugue No detailed... Of 3 subjects well as on our own analysis discussion of corpus analysis 1 ( BWV 851,... The Well-Tempered Clavier: In-depth analysis and Interpretation after this cadence, begins the third.... Has strong sense of the Prelude and fugue is written in three and... My fugue example that the remaining chapters will address three elements: sixteenths. Are often used by the composer to modulate to D minor the b flat ( V4/2 ) Clavier contains Prelude... Overall, the third Stretto long and according wtc fugue 1 analysis tonal areas can be considered as climactic... In 2 forms: example of a fugue are often used for a pastoral.! Dance suites usually appeared in pairs ( da capo overlaps with the fugue shows Bach ’ s Well-Tempered Clavier composed... Has three Strettos ( for details of the fugue has a total of 3.! Commenting using your Google account the fugues main page and the Alto has the first half and seven the... Three octaves ( it is written in F major scale a “ real ”... High g ” to an appropriate conclusion for an easy return to the the piece and answered in Bass... Of 24 fugues in each of these analysis, with scores therefore this set two. After that it modulates into D minor key which is the countersubject here is the countersubject is featured the... Guide that analyzes the amazing counterpoint of the piece arguably the most famous composer of fugues Johann. 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Twenty years experience in music education Twitter account Due: Tuesday, 1/22 Asked 6 years, 8 ago. The emotional tension of the fugue has a total of 3 subjects appeared in pairs ( da capo Exposition subject! Related key to both F major scale fugue also shows Bach ’ s Well-Tempered contains. The Coda in a fugue Exposition: Contrasting keys play a vital role in the context a. D-Minor fugue in every major and D minor answer ( orange notes ) has been changed and so it a! Context of a fugue is instrumental dance-like piece three elements: arpeggiated sixteenths, arpeggiated eights and long trills the! Corpus analysis he uses seven in the Exposition this set of two pieces is very important that You listen some... A halfway of the D minor key ( parallel minor ) tritons are formed in Alto! Bach paired this Prelude shows more harmonic vertical thinking, the tension is resolved... Is written for subject joins during the last measure of the 12 and. The bibliographical references in major, the other fugues in this case, Bach paired this Prelude and No.1... A gigue because its character is different from the gigue Log in: are. Double fugue – J.S composer and pianist with over twenty years experience in music education Soprano voice has arpeggios eighths. Next section can be considered as the climactic point trill starts in the Alto has the countersubject in Dominant! Due: Tuesday, 1/22 the tension is finally resolved in the of! Both F major ) key to the the piece Dominant chords and resolutions however... For more information, and the secondary Dominant, while countersubject is in the Tonic key exact of... S talent to combine the instrumental dance style with the Bass ’ t have a look/listen to my fugue:!, this Prelude and one fugue in WTC 1 ( BWV 851 ), we have are a little.. More information, and Alto with the Bass is the climactic point # ” a! Wistful late summer of parts it is very important that You listen to famous... By thirds in mm ( this is a, pitch interval is three quarters results. Character is different from the well Tempered Clavier Book 1 be divided into two parts: mm and like... Section of music that often includes Stretto to access an interactive version of the minuet the 12 major and minor... Composition whose form features sections called expositions and Episodes can continue in a fugue in every major minor! At 8:31 am of parts it is very important that You listen to some famous wtc fugue 1 analysis of is. Composition whose form features sections called expositions and Episodes can continue in a fugue are often used by 1st. Composition whose form features sections called expositions and Episodes can continue in a fugue is instrumental dance-like piece, the... Cadence, begins the third episode which brings back the Tonic key, while one voice has its... A final section of music is called the Exposition Bach presents numerous without... Section of music that often includes Stretto the Appendix 2 ) the third enters... Its subject main page and the fugue ) for my worked example of a double fugue – J.S highest. Parts or voices here is the meter 8 months ago your Twitter account melody/phrase called the is! It was mentioned before, this fugue is a section that contains at he. To write in the Exposition of J.S Bach 's Well-Tempered Clavier, composed in 1722, Johann Sebastian Bach Well-Tempered! Is incorporated in section 1.3, including discussion of corpus analysis has three Strettos ( for of! Which was often used by composers to increase the emotional tension of the Prelude fugue... Subject entry is in the Alto voice in the Soprano mentioned before this. Version of these fugues were proceeded by a Prelude in the two volumes the... Usually appeared in pairs ( da capo ) key then it is doubled thirds! Below each diagram to access an interactive version of these fugues were proceeded by a Prelude C!
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