Minnesota is geologically quiet today; it experiences earthquakes infrequently, most of them minor. , As of December 2018 the state's unemployment rate was 2.8 percent.. Perhaps the most significant characteristic of the economy is its diversity; the relative outputs of its business sectors closely match the United States as a whole. Before Europeans arrived, Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples going back to the archaic hunter-gatherers of the Woodland period. From there, light rail runs to Saint Paul Union Depot on the Green Line, and to the MSP airport and the Mall of America via the Blue Line. Appeals are heard by the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals in St. Louis, Missouri and St. Paul. , One of the Minnesota Legislature's first acts when it opened in 1858 was the creation of a normal school in Winona. In 1945, after the university alumni association agreed to release its copyright, “Hail Minnesota” was adopted as the state song by Minnesota Laws 1945 Joint Resolution Number 15. MPR has the largest audience of any regional public radio network in the nation, broadcasting on 46 radio stations as of 2019. There is also a city in Minnesota called Minnesota City. New technology increased farm productivity through automation of feedlots for hogs and cattle, machine milking at dairy farms, and raising chickens in large buildings. Two years later, the DFL regained control of both houses, and with Dayton in office, the party had same-party control of both the legislative and executive branches for the first time since 1990. Historical evidence suggests that many people immigrated to Minnesota as a result of the failed European Revolutions of 1848.. It is one of 43 orchid species that grow in Minnesota. New Lakota dictionary. Since 2016, the Senate has had a slim Republican majority. Much of what is now Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, which the United States purchased in 1803.  Minnesotans have learned to embrace their long, harsh winters in ice sports such as skating, hockey, curling, and broomball, and snow sports such as cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, luge, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling. , Fishing does not cease when the lakes freeze; ice fishing has been around since the arrival of early Scandinavian immigrants. They played in Metropolitan Stadium from 1961 through 1981 and in the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome from 1982 until its demolition after the 2013 season for the construction of the team's new home, U.S. Bank Stadium. Minnesota Relay Service for deaf and hard of hearing: 1-800-627-3529 or 711 *Excluding holidays Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago. With a map by E. S. SEYMOUR page xii, Northern Lights: The Stories of Minnesota's Past By Dave Kenney, Hillary Wackman, Nancy O'Brien Wagner page 94, The controversial career of Minnesota’s first territorial governor, Alexander Ramsey, MINNPOST web page, By Jayne Becker, Oct. 1, 2018, U.S.-Dakota War’s aftermath a ‘dark moment’ in Fort Snelling history, Pioneer Press, Nick Woltman, May 2019. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd.  The six-week war ended with the execution of 38 Dakota and the exile of many to the Crow Creek Reservation in Dakota Territory. Paul or Duluth. When hostilities ended there were 2,000 in custody. Nearly 55% of its residents live in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area (known as the "Twin Cities"), the state's main hub of transportation, business, industry, education, arts, and government. Paul International Airport (MSP), a major passenger and freight hub for Delta Air Lines and Sun Country Airlines.  In 2015, Minneapolis was named the nation's "Most Literate City", while St. Paul placed fourth, according to a major annual survey.  Conditions there were poor. Minnesota has four ecological provinces: prairie parkland, in the southwestern and western parts of the state; the eastern broadleaf forest (Big Woods) in the southeast, extending in a narrowing strip to the state's northwestern part, where it transitions into tallgrass aspen parkland; and the northern Laurentian mixed forest, a transitional forest between the northern boreal forest and the broadleaf forests to the south. When Europeans arrived in North America, a subculture of Sioux called the Dakota people lived in Minnesota. The Vikings have advanced to the Super Bowl Super Bowl IV, Super Bowl VIII, Super Bowl IX, and Super Bowl XI, losing all four games to their AFC/AFL opponent. ", "118 km (73 mi) SW of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada", "Continental Divides in North Dakota and North America", "Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition (NA0415)", "104 Years of Twin Cities Dew Point Temperature Records: 1902–2006", "Louisiana Purchase – History, Facts, & Map", "Spanish Colonial Louisiana – Know Louisiana", "Welcome to the City of Crystal, MN – City History", "Anniversary Volume Gives New Voice To Pioneer Accounts of Sioux Uprising", "Part 10: Payback for the Dakota – banishment", "Engineering Research Associates Records 1946–1959", "Analysis of the 2015 Population and Household Estimates", "Greater Minnesota Refined and Revisited", "Environmental Information Report, App. Paul Metropolitan Area connecting a variety of sites of historic, cultural, and geologic interest.. While Minnesota's population is still mostly Scandinavian- and German-American, domestic migration and immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America have broadened its demographics. , Xcel Energy is the state's largest utility and is headquartered in the state; it is one of five investor-owned utilities. The founding population was so overwhelmingly of New England origins that the state was dubbed "the New England of the West".  Many hiking and bike trails are used for cross-country skiing during the winter. Two specialized courts within administrative agencies have been established: the workers' compensation court of appeals, and the tax court, which deals with non-criminal tax cases.  The Temple of ECK, the spiritual home of Eckankar, is based in Minnesota.  Thousands of pioneers had come to create farms and cut timber. The course also hosted the Ryder Cup in the fall of 2016, when it became one of two courses in the U.S. to host all major golf competitions. In that case, you need to get a federal ID. Other large annual festivals include the Saint Paul Winter Carnival, the Minnesota Renaissance Festival, Minneapolis' Aquatennial and Mill City Music Festival, Moondance Jam in Walker, Sonshine Christian music festival in Willmar, the Judy Garland Festival in Grand Rapids, the Eelpout Festival on Leech Lake, and the WE Fest in Detroit Lakes.  From 1812 to 1821 Minnesota was part of the Territory of Missouri. CAPITAL: St. Paul. Explorers such as Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, Father Louis Hennepin, Jonathan Carver, Henry Schoolcraft, and Joseph Nicollet mapped the state. The hospital ranked #1 in eight fields and #2 in three others. Minnesota's center of population is in Hennepin County. Minnesotans helped shape the history of music through popular American culture: the Andrews Sisters' "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" was an iconic tune of World War II, while the Trashmen's "Surfin' Bird" and Bob Dylan epitomize two sides of the 1960s. The gender makeup of the state was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.  Hubbard Broadcasting, which owns KSTP, is now the only locally owned television company in Minnesota. , Minnesota's first state park, Itasca State Park, was established in 1891, and is the source of the Mississippi River. , Once primarily a producer of raw materials, Minnesota's economy has transformed to emphasize finished products and services. This State is has total area of 86943 square miles grade it as 12th largest State in USA. Cloud.  In recent decades its economy has diversified, shifting from traditional industries such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. There are 279 district court judgeships in ten judicial districts. The state's U.S. Senate seats have generally been split since the early 1990s, and in the 108th and 109th Congresses, Minnesota's congressional delegation was split, with four representatives and one senator from each party. "Land of 10,000 Lakes" Minnesota, just like the state of Michigan, is really a home lakes and this Minnesota state nickname actually understates the facts.Minnesota has 11,842 lakes larger than 10 acres. The state has 67 districts, each with about 60,000 people.  The Minnesota Fringe Festival in Minneapolis is an annual celebration of theatre, dance, improvisation, puppetry, kids' shows, visual art, and musicals with more than 800 performances over 11 days. Minnesota has the nation's largest population of timber wolves outside Alaska, and supports healthy populations of black bears, moose, and gophers. Minnesota's economy was hit hard by the Great Depression, resulting in lower prices for farmers, layoffs among iron miners, and labor unrest. Broadcast television in Minnesota and the Upper Midwest started on April 27, 1948, when KSTP-TV began broadcasting. The Canadians were not enthused to take in the displaced Minnesota Sioux, but went on to set aside even more land for them.  As many as 800 settlers died during the war. The four largest daily newspapers are the Star Tribune in Minneapolis, the Pioneer Press in Saint Paul, the Duluth News Tribune in Duluth, and the Post-Bulletin in Rochester.  When hostilities broke out there were 6,500-7,000 Sioux in the state. "MINNESOTA" is written in red on the white band. What number is Minnesota in order of statehood? Urban centers in "Greater Minnesota" include Duluth, Mankato, Moorhead, Rochester and St.  The Mississippi River begins its journey from its headwaters at Lake Itasca and crosses the Iowa border 680 miles (1,090 km) downstream. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Blvd., Saint Paul, MN-55155, Minnesota, United States The Minnesota is 32nd number State of the United States of America formed in May 11, 1858. The Superior National Forest in the northeast contains the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, which encompasses over a million acres (4,000 km2) and a thousand lakes. Planting became more specialized with hybridization of corn and wheat, and farm machinery such as tractors and combines became the norm. Increased mobility in turn enabled more specialized jobs.. , Minnesota has some of the earth's oldest rocks, gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old (80% as old as the planet). Science fiction writer Marissa Lingen lives here. TTY: 1-800-627-3529.  Its soldiers built a grist mill and a sawmill at Saint Anthony Falls. From 1838 to 1846 Minnesota west of the Mississippi River was part of the Territory of Iowa. Minor league baseball is represented by major league-sponsored teams and independent teams such as the St. Paul Saints, who play at CHS Field in St. Paul. (as of 2013) [Minnesota is the 21st most populous state in the USA] Name for Residents - Minnesotans Major Industries - farming (corn, soybeans, sugar beets, wheat, dairy products), paper pulp, mining (iron ore) Major Rivers - Minnesota River, Mississippi River, Rainy River, Red River of the North, St. Croix River Major Lakes - Upper Red Lake, Lower Red Lake, Mille Lacs Lake, Vermillion Lake, Rainy Lake, Lake of the Woods, Lake Superior, Leech Lake, Winnibigoshish Lake, Lake Pepin Highest Point - Eagle Mountain - 2,301 feet (701 m) above sea level Number of Counties - 87 Bordering States - Iowa, Michigan (across Lake Superior), North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin Bordering Country - Canada Origin of the Name Minnesota - Minnesota is from a Dakota Sioux Indian word that means "cloudy water" or "sky water" and refers to local rivers. Minnesota remains a center of Scandinavian American, German American, and Czech American culture. The written testimony on the state licence plates, "10,000 Lakes", is a proud reference to all the lakes of Minnesota.  Many places in the state have similar Dakota names, such as Minnehaha Falls ("curling water" or waterfall), Minneiska ("white water"), Minneota ("much water"), Minnetonka ("big water"), Minnetrista ("crooked water"), and Minneapolis, a hybrid word combining Dakota mní ("water") and -polis (Greek for "city").  St. Anthony Falls was later tapped to provide power for flour mills. The state is part of the U.S. region known as the Upper Midwest and part of North America's Great Lakes Region. The team has played at Target Field since 2010. Minnesotans have consistently cast their Electoral College votes for Democratic presidential candidates since 1976, longer than any other state. In 2012, the Democrats regained the House of Representatives by a margin of 73–61, picking up 11 seats; the Democrats also regained the Minnesota Senate. It is also home to more than 20 private colleges and universities, six of which rank among the nation's top 100 liberal arts colleges, according to U.S. News & World Report. MN State ID Number? Median Household Income", "State and National Employment and Unemployment", "Capella Tower sports a cap, but it can't topple the IDS", "Minnesota – DP-3. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the 32nd state on May 11, 1858. The Civilian Conservation Corps and other programs around the state established some jobs for Indians on their reservations, and the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 provided the tribes with a mechanism of self-government. Nevertheless, farming remained prevalent. Minnesota is state number 32 of the 50 states of the United States of America. In 2009, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, Minnesota had the second-highest proportion of high school graduates, with 91.5% of people 25 and older holding a high school diploma, and the tenth-highest proportion of people with bachelor's degrees. Winter Olympic Games medalists from the state include twelve of the twenty members of the gold medal 1980 ice hockey team (coached by Minnesota native Herb Brooks) and the bronze medalist U.S. men's curling team in the 2006 Winter Olympics. Phone Number: 1-651-201-3400. Private companies based in Minnesota include Cargill, the largest privately owned company in the United States, and Carlson Companies, the parent company of Radisson Hotels. Use our interactive map, address lookup, or code list to find the correct 5-digit or 9-digit (ZIP+4) code for your postal mails destination. Minnesota native Robert Zimmerman (Bob Dylan) won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature. For example, a service who's work includes creating or manufacturing a product is very likely considered to be taxable, and thus you would most likely have to pay sales tax on the service. Minnesota has gone for the Democratic Party in every presidential election since 1960, with the exception of 1972, when it was carried by Republican Richard Nixon. Popular interest in the environment and environmentalism, added to traditional interests in hunting and fishing, has attracted a large urban audience within driving range..  The state sales tax in Minnesota is 6.875 percent, but clothing, prescription drug medications and food items for home consumption are exempt. The growing season varies from 90 days in the far northeast to 160 days in southeast Minnesota near the Mississippi River, and average temperatures range from 37 to 49 °F (3 to 9 °C). Principal transportation corridors radiate from the Twin Cities metropolitan area and along interstate corridors in Greater Minnesota. 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